Lead Laws and Rules
On this page:
- Minnesota Lead Renovation, Repair, and Paint (RRP) Rule Revision
- Residential Lead Abatement Rule Revision
Minnesota Statutes 144.9501-144.9512 (also known as The Minnesota Lead Poisoning Prevention Act) were enacted to prevent and reduce lead exposure to children, and pregnant people from the adverse health effects caused by elevated blood lead levels.
On April 16, 2014, a Finding of the Commissioner of Health changed the definition of an elevated blood lead level under Minnesota Statute 144.9501. A blood lead level of 5 micrograms of lead per deciliter of whole blood (mcg/dL) is now considered elevated.
Additional changes and language were added to the Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Act, effective as of July 1, 2021. The changes lower the EBLL that triggers an in-home assessment to 5 mcg/dL for children up to the age of 18 and pregnant people. It also broadens the type of properties where lead risk assessment can be conducted and expand the department or an assessing agency's authority to order a responsible party to perform lead hazard reductions. An information sheet of the 2021 Changes to the Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Act (PDF) is available to view.
|144.9502||Lead surveillance and the occurrence of lead in the environment.|
|144.9505||Licensing of lead firms and professionals.|
|144.9512||Lead abatement program.|
Additionally, the Minnesota Legislature has prohibited the sale of items containing lead, particularly jewelry.
The Minnesota Legislature also directed that all contractors working in pre-1978 residences have the proper EPA certification before being issued a building permit:
The Minnesota Legislature also has outlined the rights of both tenants and landlords with regards to lead in housing with the following statutes:
Minnesota Administrative Rules
The Lead Poisoning Prevention Act authorizes the adoption of lead rules to —
|4761.2200||Certified lead firms.|
|4761.2220||Qualified individuals; required methods and supervision.|
|4761.2240||Lead worker license.|
|4761.2260||Lead supervisor license.|
|4761.2280||Lead inspector license.|
|4761.2300||Lead risk assessor license.|
|4761.2320||Lead project designer license.|
|4761.2370||Training course permits.|
|4761.2380||Required training course personnel; duties.|
|4761.2400||Training course provider requirements and duties.|
|4761.2420||Training course requirements.|
|4761.2440||Course content and length.|
|4761.2460||Independent testing organizations; permits.|
|4761.2480||Independent testing organization requirements.|
|4761.2510||Standards for lead in paint, dust, bare soil, drinking water.|
|4761.2540||Bare soil analyses within an urban census tract.|
|4761.2550||Lead hazard screen.|
|4761.2570||Lead risk assessment.|
|4761.2580||Lead hazard reduction notification.|
|4761.2600||Emergency project notice.|
|4761.2615||Occupant protection plan and warning signs.|
|4761.2620||Prohibited practices for lead hazard reduction.|
|4761.2625||Abrasive and water blasting methods for lead hazard reduction.|
|4761.2630||Methods for removing intact building components.|
|4761.2640||Methods for removing interior building components and small areas of deteriorated paint.|
|4761.2645||Methods for removing large areas of interior paint.|
|4761.2650||Methods for removing large areas of exterior paint.|
|4761.2655||Encapsulation of lead-based paint.|
|4761.2660||Methods for lead hazard reduction for soil.|
|4761.2665||Storage of lead-contaminated debris.|
|4761.2680||Content of reports.|
Federal RegulationsResidential Lead-Based Paint Disclosure Program (Section 1018 of Title X)
In order to educate families about potential lead hazards in older housing, HUD and EPA worked together to develop disclosure requirements for sales and leases of older housing. These requirements became effective in 1996.
In addition to informing property owners of the potential lead hazards created by renovation activities in older housing, renovators are required to follow EPA developed work practice standards to minimize the generation of lead hazards in residences. The rule became effective on April 22, 2010.