Health Professional Information about Blood-borne Pathogens - Minnesota Dept. of Health

Information about Bloodborne Pathogens for Health Professionals

Occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens from needlesticks and other sharps injuries is a serious problem, but it is often preventable. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that each year 385,000 needlesticks and other sharps-related injuries are sustained by hospital-based health care personnel. Similar injuries occur in other health care settings, such as nursing homes, clinics, emergency care services, and private homes. Sharps injuries are primarily associated with occupational transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), but they may be implicated in the transmission of more than 20 other pathogens.

On this page:
Preventing occupational exposures
Preventing patient exposures
Post-exposure prophylaxis

Preventing occupational exposures to bloodborne pathogens

It is the responsibility of both employers and employees to take steps to prevent the potential exposure of workers to bloodborne pathogens.

Post-exposure prophylaxis for potential bloodborne pathogens exposures

Timely and appropriate management of potential bloodborne pathogen exposures is essential.

Updated Thursday, 04-Mar-2021 15:38:22 CST