Monkeypox is a disease caused by an Orthopoxvirus, the same genus as the virus that causes smallpox, however it is less severe. Monkeypox can be transmitted from animals to humans and is endemic in several Central and West African countries. Monkeypox does not occur naturally in the U.S. Although the natural source has not been identified, rodents are the most likely source.
Prior to May 2022, most human cases occurring outside of Africa were linked to imported animals, international travel to countries where monkeypox is endemic, and/or contact with a person with a confirmed monkeypox virus infection. There is now ongoing community transmission in non-endemic countries, including the United States, through prolonged direct contact with individuals infected with monkeypox.
Information about cases in Minnesota.
- About Monkeypox (MPX)
MPX disease information: symptoms, transmission, prevention, vaccine, testing, and treatment.
- Monkeypox (MPX) Vaccine in Minnesota
Strategies for allocating limited vaccine supply in the state.
- Monkeypox (MPX) Information for Health Professionals
Information about clinical presentation, testing and specimen submission, treatment, infection control, and reporting. MPX health advisories and other resources.
Protect Yourself From Monkeypox (MPX): Congregate Communities (PDF)