Powassan Virus Disease Statistics - Minnesota Dept. of Health

Powassan Virus Disease Statistics

  • Since the first Minnesota case was reported in 2008, cases of Powassan virus disease have been reported every year except for 2014 and 2015. A peak of 11 cases was reported in 2011.
  • In 2018, 3 cases of Powassan virus disease were reported in Minnesota.
    • 2(67%) of the 3 cases were female, and ages ranged from 48 to 61 years.
    • All 3 cases presented with severe illness affecting the central nervous system (meningitis or encephalitis).
  • Long-term sequelae occur in approximately half of those patients affected with encephalitis or meningitis and approximately 10-15% of cases are fatal.
  • The majority of patients report being exposed to ticks in north-central Minnesota. Based on findings from routine tick surveillance activities, the virus appears to be widely distributed throughout the wooded areas of Minnesota.
  • Illness onsets follow a similar pattern as other tickborne diseases with most cases becoming sick in May, June, and July.

Charts and Graphs


Most Powassan virus disease cases report likely exposure to blacklegged ticks in the same east-central, north-central, and southeast Minnesota counties where the risk of Lyme disease is greatest.

Annual Summary Statistics

National Statistics

Updated Friday, 08-Nov-2019 13:18:56 CST